Scottish Government deleted most pandemic WhatsApp messages, inquiry believes

The UK Covid-19 Inquiry’s legal team has said it believes the “majority” of WhatsApp messages shared among Scottish Government officials during the pandemic “have not been retained”.

As part of the inquiry, key decision makers – including ministers, former ministers and senior civil servants – have been asked to disclose communications, including those through informal channels such as Meta-owned WhatsApp, Microsoft Teams or Signal.

First Minister Humza Yousaf ordered an investigation by Scotland’s Solicitor General after Jamie Dawson KC – the lead counsel in the Scotland module of the inquiry – told the hearing on Thursday that the Scottish Government has not yet handed over messages.

But a note to the inquiry from Mr Dawson and its legal team – published on Thursday evening – said it understands the majority of messages may have been deleted.

The note said: “Given the potential significance of any such material, and in order to provide a clearer statement of the position, the Scottish Government has been asked to provide a full update on its position and that of all relevant Scottish Government witnesses as regards to their use of WhatsApps and their current availability for disclosure.

“It is currently understood that although WhatsApps appear to have been used to send messages relating to and surrounding key decisions by some members of Scottish Government, the majority of the messages have not been retained by witnesses.”

Mr Dawson went on to say there is a “lack of certainty” around what materials are held by the Government and its officials, where it is held, and what can be recovered, and the inquiry has sought more information about the circumstances in which the messages were not retained.

In her closing remarks at Thursday’s hearing, inquiry chair Lady Hallett said: “It will not surprise anyone to learn that I am very concerned about the difficulties that the Module 2A team have encountered in obtaining the material they need to ensure a thorough and rigorous analysis of key decision-making in Scotland during the worst stages of the pandemic.”

She added that substantive hearings due to take place in January will not be postponed, and she “will not hesitate” to use “statutory powers” at her disposal to obtain the relevant information.

Challenged on the issue during First Minister’s Questions on Thursday, Mr Yousaf said: “I can only say to the families listening, we will take on board those concerns, we will internally investigate fully, because my understanding, certainly as I stand here today, is that relevant information has been passed over.

“But if there is any concerns raised they will be fully investigated and I will ask the Solicitor General to investigate them, and of course I will update this Parliament on any of those investigations.”

In a filing on Thursday, the Scottish Government’s legal team asked for the inquiry to serve a Section 21 notice, which would compel it to hand over messages.

The submission – published that evening – also “respectfully disagreed” with the assertion that the Scottish Government’s position on WhatsApp is “incomplete”.

It also clarified the Government’s process for informal messages, saying: “Relevant information from any such exchanges would be recorded (for example, in meeting notes or in email exchanges) and then saved in the Scottish Government’s electronic records and document management system.

“This necessarily requires an exercise of individual judgment as to what should be retained as part of the document management system.

“These principles applied before and during the pandemic, and continue to apply.”

Deputy First Minister Shona Robison on Friday said that the Scottish Government is “wholly committed to co-operating fully with the Covid-19 inquiries” including providing any requested material that it holds.

She said: “The Scottish Government records management policy makes clear what must be recorded in the official record, given that it isn’t practical, cost-effective or necessary for any organisation to retain every exchange that everyone working within that organisation creates.

“While it is not the culture within Scottish Government to use WhatsApp for decision-making, our records management policy states clearly that government decisions, however they are made, should be recorded in the official record.”

She said that more than 13,000 documents have been sent to the UK inquiry from the Scottish Government, in addition to the corporate and personal statements requested and that it is working to provide the WhatsApp messages it has asked for.

Scottish Labour deputy leader Dame Jackie Baillie has called for an investigation into whether Mr Yousaf misled Holyrood, after he pledged in June that all correspondence would be given to both the UK and Scottish Covid inquiries.

In a letter to the First Minister, she said: “It is always essential that politicians uphold the highest standards of honesty and accuracy in the Scottish Parliament – and that is even more important on a matter as serious as the Covid inquiry.

“Bereaved families deserve answers about what happened during the pandemic and your Government owes them total transparency.

“This new evidence strongly suggests the statements you made in Parliament were not accurate and you may therefore have misled Parliament.

“At the least there must be an investigation into whether this constitutes a breach of the ministerial code.”

Scottish Conservative chief whip Alexander Burnett has called on ministers to “come clean” on whether messages were deleted.

The Scottish Government said that reports on Friday suggesting one of the people who did not keep informal messages was national clinical director Professor Jason Leitch were incorrect.

The Times reports that the public health official deleted messages every day, doing so before a “do not destroy” notice was issued by the inquiry.

The Scottish Government said its guidance, including the records management policy, makes clear that information and records shall be retained only as long as they are required to support the Scottish Government in its business requirements and legal obligations.

It said that this guidance was followed.

Ms Robison said: “All ministers and civil servants, including the national clinical director (NCD) Jason Leitch, have been co-operating fully with the Covid-19 inquiries since their establishment.”

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